Of course, many readers of this publication know this is not unique to emergency preparedness measures. It is just as common to see schools with no viable access control system in place as it is to see schools that are not prepared for emergency situations. I recently visited a Massachusetts middle school where I found almost every exterior door unlocked and hundreds of students in various parts of the school with no adult supervision. After nearly an hour wandering various parts of the school, I was finally asked by a teacher if I needed assistance. Though the school is in a relatively low crime area, thousands of criminal incidents occur due to poor school access control in other low crime communities demonstrating how dangerous this situation is. A lack of any semblance of access control combined with almost non-existent student supervision is disturbing to say the least. Thankfully, most of the schools I visit are not this careless. While many schools could do a lot more, there has been considerable improvement in school safety and security in the past few decades with favorable results such as the noticeable drop in school homicides in American K12 schools while the homicide rate has risen sharply in other countries such as England.
What can those who wish to help schools improve their security and safety do to help change the attitudes that have so often resulted in needless tragedy in schools? Safe Havens has a reputation for changing the way school officials think about safety. Here are a few approaches that we find to be effective in persuading school leaders to give proper attention to school safety issues:
FOCUS ON THE IMPROVEMENTS IN ACADEMIC PERFORMANCE THEY CAN ACHIEVE
Never in the history of our nation have educators been so pervasively focused on test scores. Driven by well-meaning government initiatives, the obsession with test scores has become so all encompassing that many educators push other critical issues like safety aside. This has caused many in the field of education to lose sight of the obvious--kids can't learn and teachers can't teach effectively in schools and classrooms that are not safe and orderly. Many of our clients feel that one of the most effective ways to improve test scores is to focus on safety.
REMIND THEM OF THE HIGH COST OF TURNOVER
About half of all school teachers leave the field of education within the first five years of service in the United States. Former teachers often report they decided to leave the field because of concerns relating to lack of safety, order and discipline. High turnover rates often affect support positions such as school bus drivers, school nurses and other support staff.
FOCUS ON COST SAVINGS
Many schools spend a lot on vandalism related maintenance, theft, insurance premiums and litigation because of safety deficiencies. In major incidents, schools have lost millions. For example, one rural Oklahoma district spent one third of its annual budget in just 30 days following a single safety incident. A North Carolina district lost an entire high school due to an arson fire relating to poor access control, only to learn that there was a $15 million gap between the limits of their insurance coverage and the cost of rebuilding the school. More commonly, day-to-day costs can add up to significant expenditures. While many of these costs can be difficult to directly quantify, it is clear to us from our work with schools that schools can reduce fiscal waste by emphasizing safety.
FOCUS ON LIABILITY REDUCTION
School business officials are often concerned with the costs of litigation following safety incidents. It is not uncommon for schools with a high loss history to be strapped with very high insurance premiums for many years and for insurance companies to require significant future safety and security expenditures to maintain insurance coverage. A proactive approach to safety can reduce exposure to civil liability if an incident does take place.
FOCUS ON THE POTENTIAL FOR LOSS OF CONFIDENCE
Many school leaders fail to comprehend the tremendous loss of confidence that can accompany a series of school safety incidents or a single catastrophic event. Safety problems can be a "deal breaker" not only for the school or district, but for individual careers as well. One school system facing ongoing and significant safety issues closed nearly two dozen schools last year. In one multiple victim school shooting case, seven educators ranging from the building principal to the school superintendent of schools left the district within one year of the shooting. For a school superintendent, "experienced a multiple victim school shooting" is probably not a great enhancement to your rÄ‚Â©sumÄ‚Â©.
SCHOOL SAFETY IS THE MORALLY CORRECT COURSE OF ACTION
Any school's first legal and moral obligation is the safety of students and staff. Safety is the right thing to do.
About the Author: Michael Dorn is the Executive Director of Safe Havens International Inc. an international non-profit school safety center. On the road more than 300 days this year to make schools safer, Michael is dedicated to the Safe Havens vision of safe, effective and orderly schools. To contact Michael, obtain a free copy of his latest e-book Let None Learn in Fear, or to sign up for the free Safe Havens school safety e-newsletter, visit www.safehavensinternational.org