In-process research and development. The Company incurs in-process research and development expenses when technological feasibility for acquired technology has not been established at the acquisition date and no future alternative use for such technology exists. These costs do not relate to the Company's ongoing operations and generally cannot be changed or influenced by management at the time of or after the acquisition. Management believes that exclusion of these expenses allows comparisons of operating results that are consistent over time for both our newly-acquired and long-held businesses.
Impairment of acquired intangible assets in business combinations. The Company incurs impairment charges of acquired intangible assets in business combinations, such as a non-compete agreement, based on events that may or may not be within the control of management. Management believes this item is outside the normal operations of the Company's business and is not indicative of ongoing operating results, and that exclusion of this expense allows comparisons of operating results that are consistent across past, present and future periods.
Inventory writedown. The Company incurred a significant inventory writedown in the third quarter of fiscal 2008, resulting from the closure of one of our businesses. Management believes this item was outside the normal operations of the Company's business and is not indicative of ongoing operating results, and that exclusion of this writedown allows comparisons of operating results that are consistent across past, present and future periods.
Restructuring. The Company incurs restructuring charges in connection with management's decisions to undertake certain actions to realign operating expenses through workforce reductions and the closure of certain Company facilities, businesses and product lines. Management believes this item is outside the normal operations of the Company's business and is not indicative of ongoing operating results, and that exclusion of this expense allows comparisons of operating results that are consistent across past, present and future periods.
Adjustments for related tax impact. Finally, for purposes of calculating non-GAAP net income (losses) and non-GAAP basic and diluted earnings (losses) per share, management adjusts the (benefit) provision for income taxes to tax effect the non-GAAP adjustments described above as they have a significant impact on the Company's income tax (benefit) provision.
Management excludes the above-described expenses and their related tax impact from its internal forecasts and models when establishing internal operating budgets, supplementing the financial results and forecasts reported to the Company's board of directors, determining the portion of bonus compensation for executive officers and other key employees based on operating performance, evaluating short-term and long-term operating trends in the Company's operations, and allocating resources to various initiatives and operational requirements. The Company believes that these non-GAAP financial adjustments are useful to investors because they allow investors to evaluate the effectiveness of the methodology and information used by management in its financial and operational decision-making.
These non-GAAP financial measures have not been prepared in accordance with GAAP, and should not be considered in isolation or as a substitute for financial information provided in accordance with GAAP. These non-GAAP financial measures may not be computed in the same manner as similarly titled measures used by other companies. The Company expects to continue to incur expenses similar to the non-GAAP financial adjustments described above, and investors should not infer from the Company's presentation of these non-GAAP financial measures that these costs are unusual, infrequent or non-recurring.
The following tables reconcile the non-GAAP financial measures to their most directly comparable GAAP financial measures.
SOURCE Mercury Computer Systems, Inc.