[Editor's Note: The following is the first in a series of articles looking at the "myths" that surround the world of IP surveillance. Fredrik Nilsson, the general manager at IP surveillance manufacturer Axis Communications, has authored 10 articles dispelling these myths. Look for them monthly in SecurityInfoWatch.com and in the Security Frontline newsletter, and in the months of March, June and September in Security Technology & Design magazine.]
Five years from now is an eternity in today's progressive IP industry. With the ever-changing security landscape and continued expansion of network infrastructures, IP surveillance is already upon us.
The initial migration to IP-based installations began in 1996, when Axis Communications introduced the world's first network camera. At that time, the network camera was perceived as merely a gadget for the IT-savvy. Two years later, network cameras and video servers were introduced to the security industry at the ISC West show. Even then, most industry pundits and insiders were unfamiliar with the concept of network video and more than a few were skeptical as to its viability and potential.
Now, it's difficult to find an exhibitor that does not offer an IP surveillance solution. As ASIS (American Society for Industrial Security) has noted, "It's the direction security is moving - and moving quickly - with or without us." In fact, IP surveillance has moved so quickly that it's now at our fingertips and those who wait five years will be left in the 20th century's security market.
Analog CCTV surveillance systems, i.e. analog cameras, VCRs and also DVRs, are still dominating the security market. While they previously provided unmatched benefits in the surveillance arena, traditional CCTV solutions today are an aging legacy in the security industry. Many CCTV benefits are now considered disadvantages when compared to IP Surveillance solutions. For instance, the ability to centralize all surveillance monitoring was once considered a major benefit of CCTV security systems. However, today's security experts are putting increased importance on IP surveillance solutions, which can be viewed from any location in the world. In addition, expensive installation cabling, proprietary hardware for recording and extra staffing expenses have all ignited frustration with CCTV surveillance systems.
It is estimated that approximately half a million network cameras have already been installed worldwide, clearly making it a viable option in today's market, rather than a technology scheduled to be integrated in five years. IP surveillance is evolving everyday and there are countless numbers of applications for IP-based systems, which can impact an organization's security.
For example, in case of an emergency, law enforcement authorities and emergency crews arriving on the scene of a facility utilizing an IP-based security system can use the wireless modems on their laptops to log in to the system and view conditions inside the building. IP Surveillance also allows for a more flexible, scalable and cost-efficient system by using off-the-shelf IT hardware such as switches and PC servers. Almost any existing security installation, from key card access to alarms, can integrate with network video technology to provide one integrated system instead of different islands for access control, video, fire and HVAC. The systems also include more intelligence down to the camera level, as well as resolutions much higher than analog CCTV systems can provide - two additional factors driving the market shift.
IP Surveillance solutions such as these are currently being used in hundreds of applications across the country. But these examples are just the tip of the iceberg. Schools are taking advantage of network cameras to increase security and protect students. Government agencies are using IP surveillance for security in police departments, federal prisons and state court systems. In the wake of September 11th, many of the country's transportation agencies have turned to IP surveillance to increase their security umbrella, including Departments of Transportation (DOT), railways and airports.