Sony Software for CD Protection Creates Computer or Network Security Risk

Sony software operates like 'rootkit', like embedded spyware inside computer

Security researchers also note that simply hiding something doesn't make it a threat. The SonyBMG software itself hides the digital rights management tools that prevent unauthorized copies of the CD from being made. It does remain active in the background of a computer, taking up a small amount of memory even when the CD is not being played, however.

But the rootkit software does have the potential to be misused by others, some security researchers say. The First 4 Internet software's technique for hiding files is broad enough that it could be adopted by virus writers, allowing them to hide their own tools on computers that have run the software from the CD, say some security experts.

That's an "academic" concern, but a real one, said F-Secure Chief Research Officer Mikko Hypponen, who wrote a warning on the issue Tuesday.

"Obviously there are a lot of people who don't like the technology, and we will take note if we need to."

--Mathew Giliat-Smith, CEO, First 4 Internet

"Right now if you have this on your system, there is no real-world risk just because of this," Hypponen said. "But it would not be too far-fetched that some virus writer would try to take advantage of this."

Giliat-Smith said his company is working with major antivirus software companies to help their software recognize the copy-protection tools, and help guard against misuse by any malicious software writers.

A balancing act

The criticism over the protection technology highlights the delicate balance that record labels are trying to strike as they seek ways to guard their discs against copying.

Label executives have increasingly shifted their public piracy concerns from Internet file-swapping to the effect of widespread CD burning. The Recording Industry Association of America cites recent research from marketing specialist NPD Group showing that 29 percent of consumers' new music is acquired through ripping or burning a copy of CDs.

The CD copy protection tools now on the market do allow consumers to make copies of the music, both in the form of digital files on their computer and a limited number of backup CDs. Labels say they support both these activities, as long as they are for personal use.

The files that can be ripped to computers from these discs can not be played on iPod MP3 players, however. The labels say that they have not yet been able to persuade Apple Computer to include this capability.

Several earlier versions of copy protection were widely mocked online for being trivially easy to circumvent, by using techniques that included holding the computer's "shift" key down while starting, and coloring the rim of a CD with a magic marker.

Later versions of the technology, such as that produced by First 4 Internet, have made it more difficult to disable while still allowing the discs to be played on most computers.

"Obviously there are a lot of people who don't like the technology, and we will take note if we need to," Gilliat-Smith said. "Our approach is to make the balance between protection and the consumer experience the best that we can make it for our customers."