Another important advantage is that smart cards can be used for offline identity verification, when no access to a system or remote database is possible, by using the computer built into the card itself. This is an essential capability to improve the security of using driver's licenses as Real IDs, since there are so many situations where law enforcement officials must verify an identity and authenticate a card. The flexibility built into smart cards creates additional application possibilities, including their ability to secure Internet-based services. This means that Real IDs could be used for identity verification, e-authentication and digital signatures in a variety of government applications, improving the efficiency of government agencies while better protecting privacy.
The paper is available free of charge and may be accessed from the Smart Card Alliance web site: www.smartcardalliance.org.