The Industrial Technology Research Institute-ITRI-is a non-profit R&D organization engaging in applied research and technical service. It was founded in 1973 by the Ministry of Economic Affairs (MOEA) in Taiwan to attend to the technological needs of Taiwan's industrial development. ITRI has played a vital role in the transformation of the economy from an agriculture-based model to an industrial one. By the year 2001 it had grown to a 6,000-personoperation and it currently serves as the technical center for industry and an unofficial arm of the government's industrial policies in Taiwan. Backed by its broad research scope and close industrial ties, ITRI is becoming an increasingly active member in the global industrial R&D community. ITRI's research projects span a wide spectrum. Most of the projects fall into five major established fields: Communications and Optoelectronics, Precision Machinery and MEMS, Materials and Chemical Engineering, Sustainable Development, and Biotechnology and Medicine.