Hospital Security: The Past, The Present, and The Future, Part 2 of 2

Healthcare security consultant Jeff Aldridge examines the need of risk assessments and the hospital security management plan

[Editor's note: This featured column is the second part of a regular series of columns on healthcare security. Author Jeff Aldridge and others from Security Assessments International have agreed to discuss the changing needs of security in hospital settings, and will be addressing new technologies, procedural changes and new issues affecting today's healthcare facilities. Look for these articles to appear each month on our Healthcare Security section, as Jeff and his associates begin this in-depth review. To read the first part of this article, which appeared last month on, click here.]

Security Management Plan

The written Security Management Plan (SMP) is designed to provide a proactive approach in the protection of patients, visitor, staff, and Health System assets. This is accomplished by identifying security threats in all areas of the facility which could have an adverse impact on persons and property.

This is accomplished through the security assessment which is also designed to reduce the occurrence and severity of security incidents and promote security education and training for hospital employees and staff.

Elements of the Security Management Plan

  1. Develop, implement, maintain and evaluate a comprehensive facility wide Security Management program.
  2. Identify, develop, implement and evaluate written policies and procedures that are designed to enhance security.
  3. Assist Department Managers in the development, implementation and review of departmental security policies and procedures.
  4. Promote and maintain an ongoing hospital wide hazard surveillance program to detect and report security hazards related to patients, visitors, staff and property.
  5. Establish a system for reporting security occurrences and security hazards which involve patients, visitor, staff, and property to include a mechanism for the investigation, documentation, and review of security incidents and actions taken.
  6. Review and monitor data to present to the EOC Committee for the purpose of identifying trends and measure the effectiveness of the SMP on an annual basis.
  7. Maintain current reference documents and publications related to health car security, including federal, state, and local regulations and resources provided by various regulatory and private agencies which impact on the healthcare system.
  8. Be familiar with regulations and resources provided by the various regulatory and private agencies that regulate healthcare facilities.
  9. Implement, train, and monitor propriety of security staff charged with enforcing the hospital’s security policies, protocols, and procedures.
  10. Develop policies and procedures for the Security Department to assure the Plan enhances the overall security operations of the facility.
  11. Nurture and maintain a positive relationship with all regulatory and enforcement agencies, which may impact on the healthcare system.
  12. Provide an identification system appropriate for employees, staff, vendors, and visitors.
  13. Provide access control to various areas within and on the hospital grounds to include access control to sensitive areas in the hospital as deemed appropriate by the institution.
  14. Maintain the facility Parking Plan to include patient, visitor, and staff access to the facility. The program should include traffic control at sensitive location such as the Emergency Department. All parking rules and regulations should be enforced.
  15. Cause the removal of person(s) and up to the arrest of anyone committing a crime or cause the necessary action to be taken for non-compliance of the hospital’s policies and procedures as direction by Administration.
  16. The Director of Security will develop an annual evaluation of the SMP through a security assessment to determine effectiveness of the plan.
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