How can I best protect my organization’s intellectual property?
Mark A. Levett, Unit Chief, Counterintelligence Div, FBI Headquarters
Foreign espionage accounts for annual losses in the United States exceeding $250 billion. The first step in protecting intellectual property (IP) is to clearly identify what unique company assets are considered critical to your business continuity. Precise identification of IP is critical when allocating scarce security resources to a Counterintelligence (CI) protection plan.
The next step in risk management is to determine the threat to your IP. The FBI can assist in identifying the foreign espionage threat and the specific tradecraft utilized to steal IP.
Tradecraft includes the recruitment of a trusted insider, cyber intrusions and covert measures cloaked as overt business transactions. The FBI’s Counterintelligence Division has a headquarters section and 56 field offices with Strategic Partnership Coordinators (SPCs) dedicated to assisting the private sector in identifying the threat to IP posed by foreign espionage. SPCs are able to provide CI Awareness briefings and CI Vulnerability Assessments to ensure companies have strong CI programs.
Vincent Volpi, Chairman and CEO, PICA Corporation
The first level of protection of intellectual property has to do with the creator. If the creator isn’t under a solid contract and doesn’t understand the importance of confidentiality and basic security precautions, all can be lost. Most creators are inventors, scientists or artists, not lawyers or security professionals.
Maintaining “four-wall” security and information security (including “need-to-know” criteria), are other common basics. Otherwise, to commercialize IP requires that you share it with others. This includes people involved in legal, sourcing, marketing and sales. Legal should be at the forefront, controlling everyone’s use of IP by contracts that are strong, venue-specific and enforceable. Contracts also need to contain audit, compliance and penalty provisions.
Finally, you need a brand protection program designed around your budget and primary consuming and producing markets. You can’t protect the world, so you have to protect the most important parts of it.
Chris Cox, President, Operations Security Professional’s Association
There are many things to consider when protecting your intellectual property. Of course, you’ll need to copyright your work, when applicable, and physically protect your facilities using safes, surveillance and whatever else would be cost efficient and effective. However, it’s the human element that’s all-too-often overlooked.
There’s a saying within the operations security community: “If you don’t know what you’re trying to protect, how will you protect it?” In other words, if your employees don’t know what information is critical to your organization, they can’t be expected to know what they should protect, or how to do so.
Also, employees need to be trained to recognize and react to social engineering attempts, which are low-tech attempts to steal information by exploiting human nature. Once they can identify the critical information and understand the threats, all employees become part of your security team.
Marcy M. Forman, Director, National Intellectual Property Rights Coordination Center
Take part in the fight to protect your rights. The National Intellectual Property Rights Coordination Center (IPR Center), hosted by U.S. Immigration and Customs Enforcement, is the government’s leader for information related to potential criminal IPR violations. The IPR Center employs a true task-force model to optimize the roles and enforcement efforts of member agencies, while enhancing government-industry partnerships to support ongoing IPR enforcement initiatives. The center employs a three-pronged strategy, involving investigation to track down counterfeit goods, interdiction to stop them, and training and outreach to industry stakeholders and the public.