Z-Wave has a prominent presence in the home automation industry. Scores of products in a wide spectrum of end-user areas—lighting, locks, heating, home entertainment—employ Z-Wave technology as the foundation of their operation.
There is no area, however, where the use of Z-Wave technology is more prevalent than in the security industry. By far, Z-Wave’s market presence dwarfs all other technologies, as the vast majority of the companies that manufacture panels have selected Z-Wave as their lifestyle technology of choice, including such security-industry heavyweights as Honeywell, 2GIG, ADT, Napco, Ingersoll-Rand and Alarm.com, to name just a few. In fact, greater than 80 percent of the North American security company-based lifestyle solutions are powered by Z-Wave.
We wanted to find out the latest information on Z-Wave technology, so we went to Mark Walters, chairman of the Z-Wave Alliance, to get caught up. Here’s what Walters had to say.
Q. What is the latest on Z-Wave and its recent accomplishments?
A. “Z-Wave is a low-power, wireless communications technology that has been developed specifically for control and status applications, such as remote home control and monitoring. Thanks to its versatility—it is the only control protocol that is interoperable between brands—Z-Wave has emerged as a key enabling technology.
Z-Wave uses a technique called mesh networking, by which any device in the home can act as a relay station to another device, with two-way communications. This ensures reliable, whole-home coverage, with no blind spots caused by common household obstructions. Also, Z-Wave works in the 900MHz spectrum, so there is no interference with other household wireless technologies such as Wi-Fi, Bluetooth or popular wireless speakers and video systems.
Z-Wave has become the wireless technology of choice for the security industry, with the lion’s share of the U.S. market. This industry is currently among the key drivers of residential automation and control, with offerings from service leaders such as ADT, Honeywell and Vivint and lock leaders like Yale, Kwikset and Schlage. Z-Wave is also a key component of the Verizon Home Control System, the new AT&T Digital Life system and the Lowes Iris system. Z-Wave is also an International standard, with an extensive European presence.”
Q. What is making this technology so attractive to manufacturers and users?
A. “The key to Z-Wave’s adoption by the vast majority of the security industry’s lifestyle solutions is its large ecosystem of certified interoperable products. Z-Wave has over 800 products from over 100 different manufacturers, with all of them interoperable and backward-compatible with each other. No other technology comes close to this kind of extensive ecosystem. Businesses and their customers want to know that they have choices when selecting products and that they are not tied to the success and business plans of any one supplier.”
Q. How does Z-Wave technology compare/contrast to Wi-Fi technology or even Bluetooth or Near Field Communications?
A. “Unlike other household wireless technologies, Z-Wave is optimized for home control. Its bandwidth, efficiency and low power consumption have been specifically designed for these applications. As an example, battery-operated Z-Wave devices, such as security sensors, can last for years. Wi-Fi on the other hand, is optimized for high bandwidth, high-power data transmission using a server-client topology. Wi-Fi can be used for home control, but requires too much energy for battery-powered devices and is subject to unreliability through traffic jams in homes with multiple Wi-Fi devices, which are common. Bluetooth is optimized for short-range, high-bandwidth, one-to-few topology. It doesn’t have the range or network size for home control. Near Field Communication (NFC) is optimized for very short range; a foot or two and one-to-one topologies. There is nothing wrong with these other technologies, but they serve different purposes than Z-Wave.”