Serving a population of 1.7 million in the City of Atlanta, as well as surrounding municipalities within Fulton and DeKalb counties, the Metropolitan Atlanta Rapid Transit Authority (MARTA) is the ninth largest transit system in the U.S. With more than 500 buses covering 1,000 route miles per day and over 330 rail cars taking commuters throughout a nearly 48-mile long rail system, MARTA has a substantial geographic footprint in the city and, subsequently, a wide range of security challenges. The transit agency granted members of the media an inside look at its police communications and emergency operations center this week as part of a tour ahead of ASIS 2014, which is scheduled to take place in Atlanta between Sept. 29 and Oct. 2.
According to Monty Montgomery, MARTA’s Emergency Preparedness Unit Coordinator, the transit agency and its officers have to be prepared to deal with everything from fare evasion to incidents of terrorism, which they are routinely trained and audited on by a combination of local, state and federal agencies. “We’re audited very extensively with respect to our security programs,” he said.
Montgomery said that MARTA is currently in the process of planning its next full-scale security training exercise, which the transit authority is required to do annually along with one tabletop exercise. Montgomery said that the Atlanta Police Department, Department of Homeland Security and Federal Bureau of Investigation will also take part in the full-scale exercise. Last year, MARTA conducted an active shooter training scenario at one of its rail stations in the city.
Last year, MARTA was recognized by TSA Administrator John Pistole for earning the agency’s highest rating of “Gold Standard” on their most recent Baseline Assessments for Security Enhancement (BASE) for their dedication to building a strong security program.
While MARTA faces many of the same security issues that other large organizations or government agencies do, there are things unique to the transit environment that they have to take into account and train for. “On some level a crime is a crime… but in the transit industry, there are things like 750 volts running down the third rail,” explained Montgomery.
According to Montgomery, MARTA owns about 1,200 surveillance cameras, which they recently decided to share with the APD’s Video Integration Center that ties together thousands of public and private cameras across the city. Montgomery said that all of their buses and paratransit vehicles are equipped with cameras on the interior and exterior of the vehicles. MARTA is also in the process of installing cameras on all of their rail cars.
The installation of cameras has yielded positive results on many fronts for MARTA. Not only have assaults on bus drivers come down since they were implemented, but it has also proven to be an invaluable tool in reducing legal claims. “The legal department has seen a precipitous drop in claims,” Montgomery added.
Drivers were initially reluctant to having the cameras, which also incorporate audio recording capabilities, onboard buses over concerns that the transit agency would be eavesdropping on them, but those fears have since been relieved given the drop in assaults. All of MARTA’s bus cameras are analog; however, they use encoders to convert the footage into a digital format which is stored locally on the bus. When buses get within a certain distance of the agency’s garages, Montgomery said the video will automatically begin to upload to their network.
Although there was a lot of legal wrangling regarding the memorandum of understanding (MOU) that MARTA entered into with APD to share its camera assets with the city, Montgomery said that is has enabled an incredible amount interagency cooperation. For example, if a crime happens in Centennial Olympic Park downtown and police see the potential perpetrator walking towards the MARTA rail station near Philips Arena and the Georgia Dome, Atlanta police can now pull up the transit system’s cameras to aid them in tracking and apprehending the suspect. The reverse is also true of a crime that happens on MARTA property when officers need to track a suspect using the city’s cameras.